• Review Handout 19: HIV and AIDS? before running this session.
  • On the flip chart write 'True', 'False' and 'Don't Know'.

Flipchart or Board Markers

Time Required: 
15 Minutes
  • To understand the difference between HIV and AIDS.
  1. Divide the participants into small groups. Hand out a few different HIV statements to each group and ask them to discuss whether they believe the statements are true or false. Allow the participants approximately five minutes for these group discussions.
  2. Once the groups have finalised their answers, go group by group and ask them their answer to each statement. Write the statement under the appropriate heading on the flip chart (true, false, don’t know).
  3. Ask for feedback from all participants, then provide an overview of the correct answers.
HIV and AIDS: Key Facts
  • HIV is a virus and is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Like other viruses, it uses living human cells to make copies of itself which go on to infect more and more cells. HIV spreads in the body and if not treated can lead to AIDS and eventual death.
  • AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. We say that a person has AIDS when the immune system of someone living with HIV becomes so weak that they cannot fight off illness. Some of the illnesses they get are rare and uncommon in people who are not HIV-positive.
  • HIV is often referred to as a silent disease because people may be infected and not know for many years. Therefore, they can easily unknowingly transmit the disease to others.
  • The only way to tell that you are HIV positive is by taking an HIV test.